International Organizations

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)

Since 1919

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) serves to advance the worldwide aspects of the chemical sciences and to contribute to the application of chemistry in the service of Mankind. As a scientific, international, non-governmental and objective body, IUPAC can address many global issues involving the chemical sciences.IUPAC was formed in 1919 by chemists from industry and academia. Over nearly eight decades, the Union has succeeded in fostering worldwide communications in the chemical sciences and in uniting academic, industrial and public sector chemistry in a common language. IUPAC has long been recognized as the world authority on chemical nomenclature, terminology, standardized methods for measurement, atomic weights and many other critically evaluated data. The Union continues to sponsor major international meetings that range from specialized scientific symposia to CHEMRAWN meetings with societal impact. During the Cold War, IUPAC became an important instrument for maintaining technical dialogue among scientists throughout the world.IUPAC is an association of bodies, National Adhering Organizations, which represent the chemists of different member countries. The work of IUPAC is done almost entirely by approximately 1400 volunteer scientists from many countries who serve on committees, subcommittees, and task groups. IUPAC’s scientific work is conducted largely under a formal project system, in which proposals from chemists worldwide are peer-reviewed and, if meritorious, are approved and supported. SeeIUPAC Biennial Report 2008-09 (pdf)This report lists IUPAC’s six long-range goals and illustrates the actions taken during the last two years toward meeting those goals.

History: IUPAC was formed in 1919 by chemists from industry and academia, who recognized the need for international standardization in chemistry. The standardization of weights, measures, names and symbols is essential to the well being and continued success of the scientific enterprise and to the smooth development and growth of international trade and commerce.This desire for international cooperation among chemists and facilitation of the work of the international, but fragmented, chemistry community were the earliest characteristics of the Union. Even before the creation of IUPAC (1919), a predecessor body, the International Association of Chemical Societies (IACS), had met in Paris in 1911 and produced a set of proposals for the work that the new Association should address. These included:Nomenclature of inorganic and organic chemistry; Standardization of atomic weights; Standardization of physical constants; Editing tables of properties of matter; Establishing a commission for the review of work; Standardization of the formats of publications; Measures required to prevent repetition of the same papers. Although 1911 might now seem an early date for chemists to start talking about the possibility of and need for international collaboration and standardization, the first international attempt at organizing organic chemical nomenclature -- the Geneva Nomenclature of 1892 -- grew out of a series of international meetings, the first of which was organized by Kekulé in 1860.

European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS)

EuCheMS is a not-for-profit organisation founded in 1970. Its object is to promote co-operation in Europe between non-profit-making scientific and technical societies in the field of chemistry and molecular sciences. EuCheMS has 41 member societies which together represent more than 150,000 chemists in academia, industry, government and professional organisations in 31 countries across Europe. EuCheMS has several Divisions and Working Groups which cover all areas of chemistry and bring together world class expertise in the underpinning science and development needed for innovation.We would especially like to invite you to browse the information on our Divisions and Working Parties, covering all areas of chemistry, and our Events where everyone is welcome.EuCheMS is a not-for-profit organisation founded in 1970.EuCheMS is an Associated Organisation of IUPAC.EuCheMS incorporates the role and responsibilities of the former Federation of European Chemical Societies and Professional Institutions (FECS) which adopted the name EuCheMS in 2004.

Federation of Asian Chemical Societies (FACS)

The Federation of Asian Chemical Societies (FACS) is a federation of 28 chemical societies of countries and territories in the Asia Pacific whose membership consists of individual qualified chemists. Individual chemists in the Asia Pacific may become individual members of the Federation.The general objective of the Federation is to promote the advancement and appreciation of chemistry and the interests of professional chemists in the Asia Pacific.Membership of the Federation is open to all not-for-profit chemical societies whose membership consists largely of individual qualified chemists and which are national professional chemical societies of countries and territories in the Asia Pacific. Individual membership is open to individual chemists from the Asia Pacific. Individual membership from countries and territories that have societies within the Federation will be restricted to individuals who are members of such a society.

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THE ISRAEL CHEMICAL SOCIETY

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